People who play sports where there is a lot of changing directions, pivoting and jumping are at a higher risk of ACL injuries.[ 1]

Females have a 2-8 times higher chance of injuring their ACL’s. With most ACL injuries occurring between the ages of 15 and 45.[ 1]

In what sports do the most ACL injuries happen?

Studies constantly list basketball and soccer as sports that cause ACL injuries.[ 1] [ 2] However, it is possible to injure the ACL in other sports that require a lot of pivoting, cutting (changing directions quickly), jumping and contact sports.[ 1]

Female athletes tend to be more at risk of ACL injuries.[ 1] Using data from the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance System (ISS) 5000 ACL injuries were recorded from 1988 to 2004. Based on this data sports are ranked below based on number of ACL injuries.

1.Men’s spring football, Women’s basketball, Women’s gymnastics

2.Women’s Lacrosse, Women’s soccer

3.Women’s basketball

4.Women’s softball, Men’s wrestling

5.Women’s field hockey, Men’s soccer, Women's volleyball

6. Men's basketball

7. Men's ice hockey

8. Women's ice hockey

9. Men's baseball

References:

[ 1]: Griffin LY, Agel J, Albohm MJ, et al. Noncontact Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries: Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies. J Am Acad Orthop Sur. 2000; 8(3): 141- 150

[ 2]: Voskanian N. ACL Injury prevention in female athletes: review of the literature and practical considerations in implementing an ACL prevention program. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2013; 6: 158- 163. doi: 10.1007/s12178-013-9158-y

[ 3]: Renstrom P, Ljungqvist A, Arendt E, et al. Non-contact ACL injuries in female athletes: An international olympic committee current concepts statement. Br J Sports Med. 2008;42(6):394-412. doi: 10.1136/bjsm.2008.048934.