Who has the highest risk of ACL injury?

  • People who play sports where there is a lot of changing directions, pivoting and jumping are at a higher risk of ACL injuries.1
  • Females have a 2-8 times higher chance of injuring their ACL’s. With most ACL injuries occurring between the ages of 15 and 45.1
In what sports do the most ACL injuries happen?
  • Studies constantly list basketball and soccer as sports that cause ACL injuries.1,2
  • However, it is possible to injure the ACL in other sports that require a lot of pivoting, cutting (changing directions quickly), jumping and contact sports.1
  • Female athletes tend to be more at risk of ACL injuries.1
  • Using data from the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance System (ISS) 5000 ACL injuries were recorded from 1988 to 2004.
  • Based on this data sports are ranked below based on number of ACL injuries.
  • On the left side of this table the number of ACL injuries that occurred as a percentage compared to all other injuries in a sport.
  • On the right of this table the number of ACL injuries that were recorded per 1000 games and practices (also called exposures).
ACL injuries as a percentage compared to all injuries3 Injury rate per 1000 exposures3
1. Women’s basketball (tied) 1. Men’s spring football (tied)
1. Women’s gymnastics (tied) 1. Women’s gymnastics (tied)
2. Women’s Lacrosse 2. Women’s soccer
3. Women’s soccer 3. Women’s basketball
4. Men’s spring football 4. Men’s football
5. Men’s football 5. Men’s football
6. Women’s softball 6. Men’s wrestling
7. Women’s volleyball 7. Men’s wrestling
8. Women’s field hockey 8. Men’s soccer
9. Men's wrestling 9. Women's volleyball
10. Men's basketball 10. Women's softball
11. Men's soccer 11. Women's field hockey
12. Men's ice hockey 12. Men's basketball
13. Women's ice hockey 13. Men's ice hockey
14. Men's baseball 14. Women's ice hockey



References

Tashkin Ahmed

A fourth-year student studying Kinesiology at the University of Toronto. Tashkin is passionate about mobile health and has goals of becoming a Physical Therapist.

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